In the Yucatan Peninsula region of the country of Mexico, a lot of very impressive and historic Maya sites can be seen and visited. Yet both worldwide travelers interested in sight seeing as well as loyal school kids bussed in from Cancun will tell you – the most notable among these is the Chichen Itza. You may have seen the pyramids of Chichen Itza on TV history documentaries, read about in travel books or on-line. Yet a this well-known pyramid and its grounds still amazes many that in spite of the fact that they have seen it all site, that a day trip to the ruins offers great fun and variety with great climbing experiences and view of the jungle and yet is only around three hours of travel from the regional center of Playa del Carmen Quintana Roo Mexico. Although you might imagine that it’s only the one building – the actual pyramid that you after hundreds of buildings can be seen in this site and yet around thirty has been re-established to their original built. Although there are still hundreds to be completed and uncovered from vines and bushes wrap. Get to learn the history of this place and some of the best places it offers.
History & Origins of Mayan Temple Chichen Itza
The history of this place is long and exciting. It was established in 850 AD and for almost three centuries the place was prosperous. Different versions of legends about Chichen Itza can be heard. But one fact remained, that this site was the most sophisticated and multinational among the sites that were established then. Mayan temples with the influence of Puuc, Mixtecan and Toltec architecture were constructed during the height of the place’s success. The art and ceramics that can be observe in this place displayed influence from various cultures that only indicated the range of Mexicanization of the place that time as well as the extensive barter system. A tribe from central Mexico near the Mayan periphery rule Chichen Itza, the Itzaes.
Chicha Itza’s Connection With the Toltec People & Civilization
Among the historical account of Chicha Itza, the connection with Toltec is the most erroneous. It has been said that Toltec greatly influenced the Chichen Itza as can be observed from the Toltec’s culture being practiced in Chichen Itza. The most well-known Toltec’s influence to Chichen Itza is the Group of the Thousand Columns. However, in Tula which is the Toltec’s capital, a lot of Chichen Itza culture can also be detected. Thus determining who greatly influenced who can be hard to tell. The more credible explanation to this is the constant interaction among the people of Mesoamerica. And since Chichen Itza is popular then it is possible that there are several people who went here and introduced their own culture. The God of Toltec, Quetzalcoatl, a feathery serpent seen at the bottom of the El Castillo’s staircase in Chichen Itza has been used as a proof on the influence of Toltec however this icon has been the same God worshipped by Mayan but in different name, Kulkulkan. Again, the extensive trade among the Mesoamerican people can be the reason to this shared God’s icon.
The Itzae People & Itzae’s Mayan Society
Itzaes rule in Chichen Itza lasted only till the late of twelfth century. With their rivals overpowering them, the tribe was forced to move into the more outlying part of the jungle, in Tayasal, Guatamela now known as Flores. The place is in close proximity with one of the Mayan ruin, Tikal, in the Island of Lake Peten Itza. Here, the Itzaes continued with their traditions like human sacrifice. And the most usual sacrifices then were the Spanish soldiers and priests who were trying to intrude into their territory. During this time, Spanish colonialism is starting and people run off into this faraway place to escape. Itzaes admit defeat in 1697 being the last autonomous city in the Mayan site. Although the site has lost its importance in 1100 AD it was still inhabited for quite sometime after the Spanish quest. The Chichen Itza was used by the group of Francisco de Montejo to defeat the Yucatan Peninsula. In the nineteenth century, excavations were made in the site that ultimately ended Chichen Itza. A complete reconstruction of the place was already in place for this ruin today though one can still view its original design through the photos placed in front of the museum.
If there is one thing that experienced and wise travelers, residents and visitors to the Quintana Roo regions of Mexico will tell you. If you plan a trip or vacation to Cancun, Puerto Morelos & Mexican Riviera do not miss out on a day trip excursion to the ancient Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza. The pyramids and grounds are an unforgettable travel experience.
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Roger is most knowledgable in not only providing touring guide planning , arranging and coordination for small or larger groups
Pickup and daily daily transportation to and from the city of Cancun as well as regional centers of Puerto Morelos and Playa del Carman & Mexican Riviera resorts can be easily , convienently and reliably arranged
As well the services of highly qualified and knowledable Mayan Chichen Itza tour guides from a large staff can be arranged – either or both in fluent English or Spanish languages. Through computer translation technologies Cancun Chichen Itza Tours can also provide on the spot translation services into any of a number of languages familiar with world wide travelers – Japanese , French , German and Chinese languages for example